3.1x – 6x Fiber Optic Taper (hFOT)

  • 3.1x – 6x Image Magnification (or Concentration)
  • High Sensitivity (Suitable for Low-light condition)
  • Compact Structure (Less bulky than Lens System)
  • Easy Configuration (Direct coupling to CCD, defects are static)

hFOT offer you higher magnification ratio. (Compared with sFOT)

However, the distortion and imaging shifting will be more severe than 1.5x-3x sFOT. The price is also higher, recommend using it in high-value imaging system.

The specification below are referred to the production possibility with a certain type of material.
You can customize the hFOT with specification mentioned below.

wdt_ID Attribute Values Notes
1 Fiber Diameter (Small End) >= 2um Slightly smaller than 2um is also possible
2 Magnification Ratio 3x - 6x Key Parameter of Fiber Optic Taper, you need to specify this when ordering
3 Fiber Diameter (Large End) Small End x Magnification Ratio The fiber size on large end
5 Taper Height 70% - 100% of Large End Diameter Shorter taper height will bring more difficulties into the project
7 Resolution maximum 228lp/mm Testing with USAF1951 (note: edge area may have lower resolution than center area)
16 Numerical Aperture (N.A) approx 1.0 The numerical aperture here is referred to N.A on small ema
17 EMA Absorber Interstitial Type or Without The insert type of special fiber to absorb stray light
18 Surface Geometric Circle to Circle, Rectangle to Rectangle

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Terms Definition Reference
Fiber Diameter (Large End) Usually refer to the Fiber Size on Large End of FOT. -
Magnification Ratio The magnification scale from input to output -
Numerical Aperture The acceptance angle (a cone) of the component -
Resolution Decided by the fiber size. Smaller fiber size means a higher resolution the component can convey. -
Taper Height Usually Taper height is around the large end diameter. But there are a few technique could reduce the height. (at a cost of higher distortion and higher price) -
EMA Absorber In addition to the mono fiber elements, a second fiber is used in the construction of the multi fiber. Extra-mural absorption (EMA)fibers are special black absorbing fibers, inserted between (or in place of) mono fibers, which will absorb stray (scat-tered) light in the fiber optic material.

Unlike the optic fiber drawing, fiber optic taper drawing is an unsteady process, and its shape evolution is much more difficult to predict.

Also, for large radius fiber optic taper thermal properties are inhomogeneous in the radial direction, in general. The shape of a fiber optic taper is an important parameter for its transmission properties. The taper transitions must be sufficiently gradual to avoid light leakage. On the other hand, It is desirable for the waist length to be as short as possible.

A fiber block is positioned in a high temperature furnace with two holders on both ends.

The furnace consists of heating, adiabatic and cooling element, with the heating element located at the middle, adiabatic and cold elements are sitting next to heating element. Holders at two ends of the preform allow to apply a force loading.

When the heating is turned on, the middle session of the preform will be heated up by radiation and it will be softened gradually. By applying the loading, the session of preform whose temperature is above the softening point deforms. Eventually the fiber optic taper is obtained.

Summary:

  • Increment on the Taper Diameter and Reduction on the Taper Length will require a higher temperature in stretch processing.
  • Composition of the raw glass material must be optimized, in order to reduce the unwanted merge between core and cladding.
  • A computational model is a must for the cooling system. (In order to control the defects and not to break the Taper)

Increasing Magnification ratio while reducing the taper height will bring a lot difficulties in taper manufacturing (e.g: stretch processing)

  • Standard Fiber Optic Taper (sFOT) usually have a magnification ratio ranging from 1.5-3x. The height of taper is usually roughly equal to the diameter of the big end.
  • For High-Mag Fiber Optic Taper (hFOT), it is possible to decrease the taper height to 70%~90% of the big end diameter. (We can further reduce the height, but quite experiential)
  • During the fabrication of High Magnification Tapers, there may have higher thermal expansion on the center & edge area, which will result in further inconsistency. (e.g: resolution degrade on edge area)
  • Traditionally The Mono (single) fiber are in a Circular shape. While the pixel unit on CCD/CMOS are usually square. Which may lead to a degrade of coupling efficiency. (And also generate moire patterns.

Common Types are products specification that we previously made or used in real application.

wdt_ID SKU Large End Diameter Small End Diameter Magnification Raito Fiber Diameter (Large End)
1 hfot1 51x51 D17 4.24 10.00
2 hfot2 D38 D9 4.00 10.00
3 hfot3 D50 D12 4.00 10.00
4 hfot4 D18 D4.5 4.00 10.00
5 hfot5 D18 D4.5 4.00 10.00
6 hfot6 D18 4.50 4.00 10.00
7 hfot7 D32 D8 4.00 12.00
8 hfot8 D73 D23 3.13 6.00
9 hfot9 D72 D23 3.13 10.00
10 hfot10 D25 6.4x4.8 3.12 10.00
11 hfot11 D25 6.4x4.8 3.12 70.00
14 hfot12 D56.25 D18 3.12 10.00
15 hfot13 D25 6.4x4.8 3.12 10.00
56 exhfot1 D25 D5 5.00 15.00
57 exhfot2 D30 D5 6.00 15.00

This is a highly customized product; we could make sample along with other orders.

Expecting Lead Time: Above 45days

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